Muay Thai is a combat martial art from Thailand that uses stand-up striking along with various clinching techniques. The word Muay derives from the Sanskrit Mavya which means "to bind together". Muay Thai is referred to as the "Art of Eight Limbs" or the "Science of Eight Limbs" because it makes use of punches, kicks, elbows and knee strikes, thus using eight "points of contact", as opposed to "two points" (fists) in boxing and "four points" (hands and feet) used in other more regulated combat sports, such as kickboxing.
The techniques of Muay Thai are:-
Elbow (Ti sok)
Knee (Ti khao)
Clinch and neck wrestling (Chap kho)
Like most competitive full contact fighting sports, muay Thai has a heavy focus on body conditioning. Muay Thai is specifically designed to promote the level of fitness and toughness required for ring competition. Training regimes include many staples of combat sport conditioning such as running, shadow boxing, skipping, body weight resistance exercises, medicine ball exercises, abdominal exercises and in some cases weight training.